Document Type : Specialized scientific research papers


1 Assistant Professor, Architecture Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University Cairo, Egypt

2 Student Master - Department of Architecture, Fine Arts, Helwan University, Egypt



Nowadays, global warming and thermal islands in modern cities are spending much energy on heating and cooling spaces. Geothermal energy is a sustainable technique for space air-conditioning. Therefore, the (GSHPs) are increasingly interested in their expressive capability to lessen fossil fuel depletion and accordingly; decrease greenhouse emissions. Meanwhile, geothermal energy could be employed either direct utilization or electricity generation, which depends on the enthalpy resources chemistry and temperature. ‎Recently, direct utilization has varied significantly, and there are several methods available for temperatures typically ranging from 4°C up to 80°C. (Lund J.W., 2012) This paper poses a comprehensive literature review of heat pump ‎technologies by utilizing the ground source for cooling and heating applications to achieve human thermal comfort. Subsequently, propose the influence factors of the scheme components that would undoubtedly reflect on the optimal design of the building. As a result, achieve precisely an integrated building.


Main Subjects

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